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The earliest written book dealing with the origin of Nagars is the Skand Purana containing some 81,000 slokas. With a view to prorogate the Brahmin Dharma as against the Buddh belief various writers wrote the Skand Purana from 300 to 770 A.D. sponsored by Skand Gupta and vallabhi emperors. The elite Brahmins, called Nagars were assigned the task of furthering the Brahmin religions. These Nagars were expert interpreters of religion and were working without salary. Mostly they inhabited around Vadnagar or Anandnagar. The kings therefore gave them land for maintenance. These Nagars traveled far and wide and established the shiv belief in Egypt, Babylon, Brazil, Kabul, Indo­china and Cambodia.

It is said that after the death of emperor Ashoka (232 B.C.) the Shakas and Yavanas made inclusions. The Nagars advanced the idea of community living in Nagars (specified area) and came out of hermitage to help people.
It is suggested that the Nagars came from outside Aryavarta into Kashmir and later spread to Rajasthan, U.P., Malwa and Gujarat . Some  historians believe that Nagars came from Greece, Macedonia and Syria and established at Nagarkot (Kangra Himalayas). Nag means a Mountain. These mountain dwellers earned name as highly intellectual administrators.

A well known scholar opines that Nagars were comparatively advanced in education, literature, Art and had a great analytical ability as regards Shukla Yajurved. These Nagars joined the services of prominent princes like Raja Bhoj and helped the state-craft. Even Tulshidasji and Mirabai have mentioned Nagar in religious Bhakti songs. Shri Krishna was called Natvar Nagar and the land where he moved Nagher. After coming from North Asia some of the Nagars settled in Nagher - a fertile part of Sorath. ( Gujarat ).

As religious people the Nagars were of sterling character, industrious, loyal and good interpreters of religious concepts, jurisprudence etc. They were cordial and non-partism. The princes then, chose them as counselors. The Vallabhi kings assigned the duty of religious progress to them.

The Nagars came to combine religion, state-craft and battle-craft and even fought battles for their belief and states.
When Gazni invaded Somnath Raj Navghans Commander and Minister Mahidhar and Shridhar - both Nagars - laid down their lives to protect Somnath.

Nagars are believed to be one of the oldest of the Brahmin groups.

Another view asserts Nagars to be of Greek  possibly  Macedonia, Syria or regions surrounding these places. When Alexander invaded India, he had came with his army through Kashmir. While returning, many Greek soldiers settled in Kashmir. They came into close contact of Pundit community of Kashmir and the progeny that resulted was known as Nagars. Afterwards, Nagars migrated to other parts of the country. Nagars and Greeks are considered similar even today so far as their physical appearance is concerned.

Historians claim the origin of Nagars to be purely Aryan, having come to India from Southern Europe and Central Asia. They migrated through the Hindu Kush to either Trivishtapa or Tibet; later through Kashmir and settled around Kurukshetra. Current research speculates the Aryan origin to be Hatak, where the predominant deity is Hatak, Hatkesh or Hatkeshwar. According to the Skandapurana, the land of Hatkeshwar was a gift from Lord Shiva for the Nagars to colonize. This after Lord Shiva created Nagars to celebrate his marriage to Uma.

It is also believed that before Nagars first came to Gujarat in 404 A.D., they lived in Sindh. , Nagars are a cross-breed of "Shaks" & "Dravids." It is also believed that  that Nagars have origin outside our country. Nagars from across the borders came first to Kashmir and then they spread out in the states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Utter Pradesh, Bengal, Malva, and Gujarat. After migrating from Kurukshetra they had first settled in Anandpur - Vadnagar of today.

Legend has it, this land (along with money) was awarded to the Nagars by King Chamatkar of Anarta for having saved his life. According to the story, the King was out on a hunt when he killed a deer suckling her young. The deer placed a curse on the King. As a result of the curse, the King developed leukoderma. In the area, lived a small village of Brahmins, who, with the use of herbs, cured the King of his illness. King Chamatkar was thankful and offered them, as a reward, money and land. The Brahmins were men of high principle and believed in austere living; they refused the Kings offerings. The queen then went to the village and spoke with the wives of the Brahmin. She persuaded 68 of the 72 into accepting the offer. The four who refused, left the village for the Himalayas with their family. Those who remained are called the founders of the Nagar family descendant identity or "Gotra".

Another version of the legend claims the King of Anarta rebuilt an abandoned city, Chamatkarpur, and consecrated a temple to Hatkeshwar to show his gratitude to the Brahmins.

Through the years, and many name changes, the town is currently known as Vadnagar. The inhabitants of the city were known as Nagars.

As time passed, the city of Vadnagar was invaded on more than one occasion. Nagars sought refuge in the nearby areas of Saurashtra and Rajasthan. During this time, they did their best to observe and preserve the code, to guard their identity.

After King Vishaldev conquered Gujarat (around A.C.E. 1040), the King of Ajmer established the cities of Vishnagar (formerly Vishalnagar), Chitrod (or Chitakutpati), Prashnipur, Krashnor, and Sathod (or Shatpad). He offered these cities to the Brahmins who were descendants or an offshoot of the Nagars from Vadnagar.

As per the origin place of the Nagars, gradually they are called with. Like Visnagara from Visnagar, Vadnagara from Vadnagar, Prashnora from Prashnipur (Rajasthan) now settled in Bhavnagar and other region in Gujarat, Krashnora from Krashnor, Sathodara from Shatpad etc.

The Nagar community and Shree HATKESHVAR Mahadev are considered to be synonyms. - inseparable. Wherever a Nagar family or community sattles, there will invariably be The HATKESHVAR temple nearby. There are many legends popular for the origin of Shree HATKESHVAR.

Once Lord Shiva, feeling lonely due to separation from Parvati, was moving nude. With his " Kapalpatra " ( begging bowl ) he came in the hermitage of Saints. The wives of Saints got attracted towards him and followed him. Knowing this, the Saintsgotvery upset and cursed Lord Shiva that his organ should fall off from his body. It so happened and the organwentintodeepearth. Many disturbances took place. Saints had norrecognized Lord Shiva. So INDRA and other Godscameand prayed to almighty Lord Shiva to bear and attach the organ back to his body. Lord Shiva replied, " I can do so if the world worships it. Lord Brahma worshipped the organ and established one gold organ there ( HATAK means Gold ). This templewas later known as HATKESHVAR temple. Legend has it that, the place where Lord Shiva had traveled for the reclaiming the organ, produced a river flow which later was brought to earth by the efforts of king Bhagirath & was known as Ganga.

As is mentioned in Skundpurana, a man gets much benefit and spiritual advantage when he worships and prays Lord HATKESHVAR with devotion and faith. It is said that during winter, when there is heavy snowfall in Himalayas, the Lord Kedarnath comes to Hatkeshvar temple of Vadnagar. There are many facets of Lady Parvati also, established in and around Vadnagar.

When Shukhdevji, son of Lord Vyas, left this world soon after birth, Shree Vedvyas and his wife Chetika had performed a difficult penance in the HATKESHVAR region to get a son and got Kapinjal as a son due to the blessings of Lord HATKESHVAR.

The holy place of Pushkar in Ajmer also had its origin in the HATKESHVAR temple. Due to a request from a Saint Narad, Brahma desired to throw a lotus flower in such a place which is the most sacred and where Kali has not entered. The Lotus after moving all around the world, fell in the HATKESHVAR place. So this region is famous as second Pushkar area also.
The three best holy places of India are, Prabhas temple, the Kurukshetra and HATKESHVAR temple.
Saint Durvasa had established one Shiv-ling in the HATKESHVAR region and Saint Gautam had performed penance for 100 years to make the holy homage of HATKESHVAR for his son and wife.

Once there was a competition amongst eleven Saints of Kashi to have the first sighting of HATKESHVAR. All ran in the direction of Vadnagar to lead and come first. Lord HATKESHVAR felt happy and gave this sight (Darshan) to all the eleven Saints simultaneously.

HATKESHWAR based NAGARS have a boon from LORD HATKESHWAR that, whatever they speak will happen. ( However, no NAGAR family is able to permanently settle in Vadnagar. )- due to curse from LORD HATKESHWAR.

In olden days, some Muslim kings attacked Vadnagar. This went on repeatedly. So people of Vadnagar decided to build a fort around the town to save themselves from the invasions. The senior and older citizens of the town advised to build the fort in such a way that the temple of LORD HATKESHWAR will be inside the fort and remain protected. For some reason, this could not materialize. So the temple ended up being outside the fort. Hence, LORD HATKESHWAR gave a curse to the Nagar community, " Just as you have kept me out of the town, you also will always be out of the town for ever. Even today, the temple of LORD HATKESHWAR is situated outside the town. It is said that, no NAGAR family has been able to permanently settle in Vadnagar.

Nagars, are, though a sub-caste of Brahmins, a much different in many ways. While people of other castes worship other GODS, Nagars and Brahmins - intellect oriented as they are - worship LORD SHIVA. Even LORD SHIVA has two faces in his worship. (1 ). One face of SHIVA surrounded by ghosts - a frightful one, and (2 ) A perfect Tandav based beautiful face of LORD SHIVA. Even in this beautiful face of LORD SHIVA, two interpretations are available. One is destruction and the other new creation from destruction. SHIVA does not have any births - as LORD SHIVA is omnipresent and his idol is absolute. Even amongst these facets, LORD SHIVA's complexion of beauty and new creation is more positive. Nagars, in order to live nicely with their original cultural values, have started devotion of this lustrous and creative beautiful complexion. Only as a result of this, the life style of Nagars is more culture oriented and illustrious - much different from that of other communities.


EVOLUTION OF NAGARS (  NAGAR NAVLU NAJARANU)  by Kiritbhai Yadvendrabhai Baxi,
Nagar Association of Greater American Regions (NAGAR)
Nagar Samaj

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Up Nagar-brahmin Vadnagar MANDSAUR RAMPURA INDORE Malwa Bhanpura GAROTH Untitled 1

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Last updated:  2012-02-11.